Robert Jay Dilger Senior Specialist in American National
Sean Lowry Analyst in Public Finance
Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support
small businesses, including loan guarantee programs to enhance small
business access to capital; contracting programs to increase small
business opportunities in federal contracting; direct loan programs for
businesses, homeowners, and renters to assist their recovery from natural
disasters; and small business management and technical assistance training
programs to assist business formation and expansion.
Congressional interest in the SBA’s loan and contracting programs has increased
in recent years, primarily because small businesses are viewed as a means
to stimulate economic activity, create jobs, and assist in the national
economic recovery. Many Members of Congress also regularly receive
constituent inquiries about SBA disaster loans, the loan guarantee programs,
and contracting programs.
This report provides an overview of these programs, including changes made by
P.L. 111-5, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, P.L.
111-240, the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, and P.L. 112-239, the
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013. It also provides
an overview of the SBA’s budget. This report references other CRS reports that
examine the SBA’s programs in greater detail.
Date of Report: January 11, 2013
Number of Pages: 31 Order Number: RL33243 Price: $29.95
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