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Monday, April 22, 2013

Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs

Robert Jay Dilger
Senior Specialist in American National Government

Sean Lowry
Analyst in Public Finance

The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several types of programs to support small businesses, including loan guarantee and venture capital programs to enhance small business access to capital; contracting programs to increase small business opportunities in federal contracting; direct loan programs for businesses, homeowners, and renters to assist their recovery from natural disasters; and small business management and technical assistance training programs to assist business formation and expansion.

Congressional interest in the SBA’s loan, venture capital, training, and contracting programs has increased in recent years, primarily because small businesses are viewed as a means to stimulate economic activity, create jobs, and assist in the national economic recovery. Many Members of Congress also regularly receive constituent inquiries about the SBA’s programs.

This report provides an overview of these programs, including programmatic changes resulting from enactment of P.L. 111-5, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, P.L. 111- 240, the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, and P.L. 112-239, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013. It also provides an overview of the SBA’s budget, including changes in funding resulting from enactment of P.L. 113-2, the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013, and P.L. 113-6, the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013. This report references other CRS reports that examine the SBA’s programs in greater detail.

Date of Report: April 11, 2013
Number of Pages: 30
Order Number: RL33243
Price: $29.95

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